Martynas Mažvydas (c.1520-63), author of the first Lithuanian book (1547),
pioneer of the Lithuanian written language, and educator. An authentic
portrait of Martynas Mažvydas is unknown, this is created by artist Eva Erika
- Martynas Mažvydas was born in Southern Žemaitija circa 1520. From the
time of his youth he supported the Reformation. In 1539-42 Mažvydas taught at a school in Vilnius established by Abraomas Kulvietis.
After this school was closed, Mažvydas was persecuted by the authorities of the Catholic
Church and, most probably, was sent to prison. Invited by Duke
Albrecht von Brandenburg on June 8, 1546,
Mažvydas moved to Königsberg and entered the university
there on August 1. Financially supported by the Duke, he studied theology. During his
first year of study, in early 1547, the manuscript of Catechismus
was sent to the printer's. Two years later he finished his studies and got a bachelor's
degree. From 1549 until his death on May 21, 1563, Mažvydas was a pastor in Ragainė.<...>
Translated from the article "Mažvydas".
In: KNYGOTYRA.Enciklopedinis žodynas. (Encyklopedic
Dictionary of Book Science) - Vilnius: Alma Littera, 1997, p. 252.
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